Does it feel like the vibrations experienced by sitting on a massage chair? Or the feeling you get while riding the train? I guess it may be similar to the feeling of a monk who is stepping barefooted on a bed of nails. Or the feeling you get when a thousand bees embed their stings onto your legs simultaneously. Or probably, it is like the sensation you receive when you suddenly yank the strip of tape from your leg, bringing along with it a million hair follicles! Is it the sensation you get in your knees when you propose marriage to your beloved? Or maybe, it’s the feeling you get when you hold your firstborn in your hands for the very first time and your legs get all weak. Is that how you can describe the tingling sensation?
What exactly are tingling legs? This sensation of tingling in the legs, sometimes with numbness is also known as paresthesia. There are a lot of types of paresthesias, from cold to hot, to burning and itching sensations. It is caused by a lot of factors, mostly due to a neuropathy acquired from an underlying disease. Immediate medical attention is highly recommended for those cases wherein the tingling sensation is accompanied by weakness or paralysis, when the numbness occurred right after an injury to the head and spine region, you lost consciousness even just for a moment, or when you have no control over your voluntary processes.
To be able to determine if you have a neuropathy or a disorder that is causing these tingling sensations, the physician will usually ask a complete medical history from you, focusing on when and for how long you have had this symptom, present illnesses, exposure to drugs, toxins, trauma and infection, and the diseases that effect your family and relatives. Physical and neurological exams will be conducted to test your reflexes, sensation and strength. Laboratory tests include blood chemistry and urinalysis plus other specific tests to confirm the presence of a disorder. Tests for nerve conduction, electromyography and ultrasound images may be done if needed. Sometimes, even nerve biopsies are done to verify previous tests results.
Upon identification of the disease that is causing the tingling sensation, the doctor will give several suggestions on how to manage it. For diabetics, blood sugar is to be controlled. Deficiencies in vitamins will be supplemented. Rest and exercise therapy programs are also included. Above all, care must be exerted to protect the legs from any accident or trauma since they would be more prone to this malady.