Pain relievers given for peripheral-neuropathy vary from acetaminophen (most often given) to non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs or NSAID’s. Anti-seizure medications like gabapentin, carbamazepine and phenytoin also seem to ease jabbing pain. For intense pain, a lidocaine patch may be suggested to be placed on the area where the pain is most severe. Antidepressants are also prescribed since they act to block pain signals from reaching the brain by impeding the chemical processes necessary for the sensation of pain.
Peripheral neuropathy therapies include transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation which delivers small electrical impulses to nerve pathways through electrodes on the skin. Biofeedback therapy employs a special apparatus that teaches the patients ways of controlling certain body responses that reduce pain. Acupuncture is also suggested as a long term type of therapy for chronic pain. Hypnosis is also a way to decrease pain sensation, although it is not that effective on all patients since this therapy needs a willing and motivated participant for it to be successful. Relaxation techniques are taught to patients to be able to lessen muscle tension that aggravates the pain.
To relieve pain due to pressure on a nerve, treatment is centered first on removing the pressure that causes the pain, like pressure on the median nerve, which is beside the ulnar nerve, in cases of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. The most common cures for pain suggested are medications, exercise therapy and even surgery.
Acetyl-L-carnitine or ALC has shown favorable response for the treatment of peripheral neuropathy in diabetic patients. A two year study was conducted with more than a thousand patients on the effects of ALC. The results have revealed that the use of ALC has greatly improved sensory perception, and decreased pain levels, when given in higher dosages. It was also seen to promote nerve fiber regeneration in the peripheral nerves.
Gamma-linolenic acid from Evening Primrose is an essential fatty acid in the Omega-6 category. It can also be taken from Borage oil and Black Currant oil. Tests on animals show that Evening Primrose oil can give protection to nerves from injuries due to diabetes. The tests on humans have also produced the same results, as there was an improvement in the pain, numbness, and signs of nerve injury.
Magnet therapy employs the use of magnetic insoles to treat diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Studies using this type of cure have been quite successful in producing improved results especially in diabetics, although those with other neuropathies have also shown a decrease in occurrence of symptoms.
Whatever the choice of treatment, it is always essential to have the right disposition to be able to make it successful in alleviating the pain and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy.